Iron Maiden

Origin LeytonLondon, England
Genres Heavy metal
Years active 1975–present
Labels EMIUniversalSanctuaryEpic,ColumbiaPortraitCapitol
Associated acts The Entire Population of Hackney,GogmagogPsycho MotelSamson,TrustUrchin
Website www.ironmaiden.com

Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in east London that was formed in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter, Steve Harris. Since their inception, the band’s discography has grown to include a total of thirty-six albums: fifteen studio albums; ten live albums; fourEPs; and seven compilations.

Pioneers of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, Iron Maiden achieved success during the early 1980s. After several line-up changes, the band went on to release a series of U.S. and UK platinum and gold albums, including 1982’s The Number of the Beast, 1983’s Piece of Mind, 1984’sPowerslave, 1985’s live release Live After Death, 1986’s Somewhere in Time and 1988’s Seventh Son of a Seventh Son. Since the return of lead vocalist Bruce Dickinson and guitarist Adrian Smith in 1999, the band have undergone a resurgence in popularity,[1] with their latest studio offering,The Final Frontier, peaking at No. 1 in 28 different countries[2] and receiving widespread critical acclaim.[3]

Considered one of the most successful heavy metal bands in history, Iron Maiden have sold over 85 million records worldwide[4] with little radio or television support.[5] The band won the Ivor Novello Award for international achievement in 2002,[6] and were also inducted into the Hollywood RockWalk in Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California during their United States tour in 2005.[7] As of August 2011, the band have played almost2000 live shows throughout their career.

For the past 30 years, the band have been supported by their famous mascot, “Eddie“, who has appeared on almost all of their album and single covers, as well as in their live shows.

Early years (1975–1978)

The Cart and Horses Pub, located in Maryland Point, Stratford, was where Iron Maiden played some of their first shows in 1976.[8][9]

Iron Maiden were formed on Christmas Day 1975 by bassist Steve Harris shortly after he left his previous group, Smiler. Harris attributes the band’s name to a film adaptation of The Man in the Iron Mask from the novel by Alexandre Dumas, which he saw around that time and which had a verbal connection to the iron maiden torture device.[10] After months of rehearsal, Iron Maiden made their debut at St Nicks Hall in Poplar on 1 May 1976,[11] before taking up a semi-residency at the Cart and Horses Pub in Maryland Point, Stratford.[8] The original lineup did not last very long, however, with vocalist Paul Day being the first casualty as he lacked “energy or charisma onstage.”[12] He was replaced by Dennis Wilcock, aKiss fan who used make-up and fake blood during live performances.[12] Wilcock’s friend Dave Murray was invited to join, to the dismay of the band’s guitarists Dave Sullivan and Terry Rance.[13] Their frustration led Harris to temporarily disband Iron Maiden in 1976,[13] though the group reformed soon after with Murray as the sole guitarist. Steve Harris and Dave Murray remain the band’s longest-standing members and have performed on all of their releases.

Dave Murray and Steve Harris in 2008. Harris and Murray are the only members to have performed on all of the band’s albums.

Iron Maiden recruited yet another guitarist in 1977, Bob Sawyer, who was sacked for embarrassing the band onstage by pretending to play guitar with his teeth.[14] Tension ensued again, causing a rift between Murray and Wilcock, who convinced Harris to fire Murray,[15] as well as original drummer Ron Matthews.[11] A new line-up was put together, including Tony Moore on keyboards, Terry Wapram on guitar, and drummer Barry Purkis. A bad performance at the Bridgehouse, a pub located in Canning Town,[16] in November 1977 was the line-up’s first and only concert and led to Purkis being replaced by Doug Sampson.[17] At the same time, Moore was asked to leave as Harris decided that keyboards did not suit the band’s sound.[17] A few months later, Dennis Wilcock decided he’d had enough with the group and left to form his own band, V1, and Dave Murray was immediately reinstated.[18] As he preferred to be the band’s sole guitarist, Wapram disapproved of Murray’s return and was also dismissed.[11]

Steve Harris, Dave Murray and Doug Sampson spent the summer and autumn of 1978 rehearsing while they searched for a singer to complete the band’s new line-up.[19] A chance meeting at the Red Lion pub in Leytonstone in November 1978 evolved into a successful audition for vocalist Paul Di’Anno.[20] Steve Harris has stated, “There’s sort of a quality in Paul’s voice, a raspiness in his voice, or whatever you want to call it, that just gave it this great edge.”[21] At this time, Murray would typically act as their sole guitarist, with Harris commenting, “Davey was so good he could do a lot of it on his own. The plan was always to get a second guitarist in, but finding one that could match Davey was really difficult.”[22]

Rise to fame (1978–1981)

On New Year’s Eve 1978, Iron Maiden recorded a demo, consisting of four songs, at Spaceward Studios in Cambridge.[23] Hoping the recording would help them secure more gigs,[23] the band presented a copy to Neal Kay, then managing a heavy metal club called “Bandwagon Heavy Metal Soundhouse”, located in Kingsbury Circle, northwest London.[24] Upon hearing the tape, Kay began playing the demo regularly at the Bandwagon, and one of the songs, “Prowler”, eventually went to No. 1 in the Soundhouse charts, which were published weekly in Sounds magazine.[25] A copy was also acquired by Rod Smallwood, who soon became the band’s manager,[26] and, as Iron Maiden’s popularity increased, they decided to release the demo on their own record label asThe Soundhouse Tapes, named after the club.[27] Featuring only three tracks (one song, “Strange World”, was excluded as the band were unsatisfied with its production)[28] all five thousand copies were sold out within weeks.[29]

Paul Di’Anno and Steve Harrissupporting Judas Priest on their British Steel Tour, 1980.

In December 1979, the band secured a major record deal with EMI[30] and asked Dave Murray’s childhood friend Adrian Smith to join the group as their second guitarist.[31] Smith declined as he was busy with his own band, Urchin, so Iron Maiden hired guitarist Dennis Stratton instead.[32] Shortly afterwards, Doug Sampson left due to health issues and was replaced by an ex-Samson drummer Clive Burr at Stratton’s suggestion on 26 December.[33] Iron Maiden’s first appearance on an album was on the Metal for Muthas compilation (released on 15 February 1980) with two early versions of “Sanctuary” and “Wrathchild”.[34] The release led to an ensuing tour which featured several other bands linked with the New Wave of British Heavy Metal.[35]

Iron Maiden’s eponymous 1980 release, Iron Maiden, debuted at No. 4 in the UK Albums Chart.[36] In addition to the title track, the album includes other early favourites such as “Running Free“, “Transylvania”, “Phantom of the Opera”, and “Sanctuary” – which was not on the original UK release but made the U.S. version and subsequent remasters. The band set out on a headline tour of the UK, before opening for Kiss on their 1980 Unmasked Tour‘s European leg as well as supporting Judas Priest on select dates. After the Kiss tour, Dennis Stratton was dismissed from the band as a result of creative and personal differences,[37]and was replaced by Adrian Smith in October 1980.

In 1981, Iron Maiden released their second album, entitled Killers. Containing many tracks that had been written prior to their debut release, only two new songs were written for the record: “Prodigal Son” and “Murders in the Rue Morgue”[38] (the latter’s title was taken from the short story by Edgar Allan Poe).[39]Unsatisfied with the production on their debut album,[40] the band hired veteran producer Martin Birch,[41] who would go on to work for Iron Maiden until his retirement in 1992.[42] The record was followed by the band’s first world tour, which included their debut performance in the United States, opening for Judas Priest at The Aladdin Casino, Las Vegas.[43]

Success (1981–1986)

By 1981, Paul Di’Anno was demonstrating increasingly self-destructive behaviour, particularly through his drug usage,[11] about which Di’Anno comments, “it wasn’t just that I was snorting a bit of coke, though; I was just going for it non-stop, 24 hours a day, every day… the band had commitments piling up that went on for months, years, and I just couldn’t see my way to the end of it. I knew I’d never last the whole tour. It was too much.”[44] With his performances suffering, Di’Anno was immediately dismissed following the Killer World Tour,[45] at which point the band had already selected his replacement.[46]

After a meeting with Rod Smallwood at the Reading Festival,[47] Bruce Dickinson, previously of Samson, auditioned for Iron Maiden in September 1981 and was immediately hired.[46] The following month, Dickinson went out on the road with the band on a small headlining tour in Italy, as well as a one-off show at the Rainbow Theatre in the UK.[45] In anticipation of their forthcoming album, the band played “Children of the Damned”, “Run to the Hills“, “22 Acacia Avenue” and “The Prisoner” at select venues, introducing fans to the sound that they were progressing towards.

Dickinson’s record debut with Iron Maiden was 1982’s The Number of the Beast, an album that gave the band their first ever UK Albums Chart No. 1 record[48] and additionally became a Top Ten hit in many other countries.[49] Dickinson, at the time, was in the midst of legal difficulties with Samson’s management and was not permitted to add his name to any of the songwriting credits, although he still made what he described as a “moral contribution” to “Children of the Damned”, “The Prisoner” and “Run to the Hills”.[50] For the second time the band embarked on a world tour, dubbed The Beast on the Road, during which they visited North America, Japan, Australia and Europe, including a headline appearance at the Reading Festival. A new and hugely successful chapter in Iron Maiden’s future was cemented; the album went on to sell over 14 million copies worldwide.[4]

Nicko McBrain has been Iron Maiden’s drummer since 1982

The Beast on the Road’s U.S. leg proved controversial when an American conservative political lobbying group claimed Iron Maiden were Satanic because of the new album’s title track,[49] to the point where a group of Christian activists destroyed Iron Maiden records as a protest against the band.[51] In recent years, Dickinson has stated that the band treated this as “silliness,”[52] and that the demonstrations in fact gave them “loads of publicity.”[11]

In December 1982, drummer Clive Burr ended his association with the band due to personal and tour schedule problems and was replaced by Nicko McBrain, previously of French band Trust.[53] Soon afterwards, the band journeyed for the first time to The Bahamas to record the first of three consecutive albums atCompass Point Studios.[54] In 1983, they released Piece of Mind, which reached the No. 3 spot in the UK,[55] and was the band’s debut at the North American charts, reaching No. 70 on the Billboard 200.[56] Piece of Mind includes the successful singles “The Trooper” and “Flight of Icarus“, the latter of which being particularly notable as one of the band’s few songs to gain substantial airplay in the U.S.[57]

Soon after the success of Piece of Mind and its supporting tour, the band released Powerslave on 9 September 1984. The album featured fan favourites “2 Minutes to Midnight“, “Aces High“, and “Rime of The Ancient Mariner”,[58] the latter based on Samuel Taylor Coleridge‘s poem of the same name and running over 13 minutes long.

The tour following the album, dubbed the World Slavery Tour, was the band’s largest to date and consisted of 193 shows in 28 countries over 13 months,[58]playing to an estimated 3,500,000 people.[59] Many shows were played back-to-back in the same city, such as in Long Beach, California (4 consecutive sold out concerts to an overall audience of 54,000), where the majority of their subsequent live release, Live After Death, was recorded, which became a critical and commercial success, peaking at No. 4 in the UK.[60] Iron Maiden also co-headlined (with Queen) the Rock In Rio festival, where they performed to an estimated crowd of 300,000.[61] The tour was physically gruelling for the band, who demanded a six month break when it ended (although this was later reduced to four months).[62] This was the first substantial break in the band’s history, including the cancellation of a proposed supporting tour for the new live album,[63] with Bruce Dickinson threatening to quit unless the tour ended.[64]

Experimentation (1986–1989)

Returning from their time off, the band adopted a different style for their 1986 studio album, entitled Somewhere in Time, featuring, for the first time in the band’s history, synthesised bass and guitars to add textures and layers to the sound.[65] The release charted well across the world, particularly with the single “Wasted Years“, but notably included no writing credits from lead singerBruce Dickinson, whose material was rejected by the rest of the band.[66] While Dickinson was focused on his own music, guitarist Adrian Smith, who typically collaborated with the vocalist, was “left to [his] own devices” and began writing songs on his own, coming up with “Wasted Years”, “Sea of Madness”, and “Stranger in a Strange Land“,[67] the last of which would be the album’s second single.[66]

The experimentation evident on Somewhere in Time continued on their next album, entitled Seventh Son of a Seventh Son, which was released in 1988. A concept album, based on The Tales of Alvin Maker series of novels by Orson Scott Card,[68] this would be the band’s first record to include keyboards, as opposed to guitar synthesisers on the previous release.[69] After his contributions were not used for Somewhere in Time, Dickinson’s enthusiasm was renewed as his ideas were accepted for this album.[69] Another popular release, it became Iron Maiden’s second album to hit No. 1 in the UK charts,[70] although it only achieved a Gold certification in the U.S., in contrast to its four predecessors.[71]

During the following tour, the band headlined the Monsters of Rock festival at Donington Park for the first time on 20 August 1988, playing to the largest crowd in the festival’s history (107,000).[72]Also included on the bill were KissDavid Lee RothMegadethGuns N’ Roses and Helloween.[73] The festival was marred, however, by the deaths of two fans in a crowd-surge during the aforementioned Guns N’ Roses performance; the following year’s festival was cancelled as a result.[72] The tour concluded with several headline shows in the UK in November and December 1988, with the concerts at the NEC ArenaBirmingham recorded for a live video, entitled Maiden England.[74]

Upheaval (1989–1994)

During another break in 1989, guitarist Adrian Smith released a solo album with his band ASAP, entitled Silver and Gold,[75] and vocalist Bruce Dickinson began work on a solo album with formerGillan guitarist Janick Gers, releasing Tattooed Millionaire in 1990,[76] followed by a tour.[77] At the same time, to mark the band’s ten year recording anniversary, Iron Maiden released The First Ten Years, a series of ten CDs and double 12″ vinyl. Between 24 February and 28 April 1990, the individual parts were released one-by-one, each containing two of Iron Maiden’s singles, including the original B-sides.

Soon afterwards, Iron Maiden regrouped to work on a new studio record. During the pre-production stages, Adrian Smith left the band due to differences with Steve Harris regarding the direction the band should be taking, disagreeing with the “stripped down” style that they were leaning towards.[78] Janick Gers, having worked on Dickinson’s solo project, was chosen to replace Smith and became the band’s first new member in seven years.[77] The album, No Prayer for the Dying, was released in October 1990[79] and contained “Bring Your Daughter… to the Slaughter“, the band’s first (and to date, only) UK Singles Chart No. 1, originally recorded by Dickinson for the soundtrack to A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child.[80]

After another tour and some more time off, the band recorded their next studio release, Fear of the Dark, which was released in 1992 and included the stand-out title track, which is now a regular fixture in the band’s concert setlists. Achieving their third No. 1 in the UK albums chart,[81] the disc also featured “Wasting Love“, one of the band’s softer songs, and the No. 2 single “Be Quick or Be Dead“. The album featured the first songwriting by Gers, and no collaboration at all between Harris and Dickinson on songs. The extensive worldwide tour that followed included their first ever Latin American leg (after a single concert during the World Slavery Tour), and headlining the Monsters of Rock festivals in seven European countries. Iron Maiden’s second performance atDonington Park, to an audience of 68,500 (the attendance was capped after the incident in 1988),[82] was filmed for the audio and video release, Live at Donington,[83] and featured a guest appearance by Adrian Smith, who joined the band to perform “Running Free”.[82]

In 1993, Bruce Dickinson left the band to further pursue his solo career, but agreed to remain for a farewell tour and two live albums (later re-released in one package).[84] The first, A Real Live One, featured songs from 1986 to 1992, and was released in March 1993. The second, A Real Dead One, featured songs from 1980 to 1984, and was released after Dickinson had left the band. The tour did not go well, however, with Steve Harris claiming that Dickinson would only perform properly for high profile shows and that at several concerts he would only mumble into the microphone.[85] Dickinson denies the charge that he was under-performing, stating that it was impossible to “make like Mr Happy Face if the vibe wasn’t right,” claiming that news of his exit from the band had prevented any chance of a good atmosphere during the tour.[86] He played his farewell show with Iron Maiden on 28 August 1993, which was filmed, broadcast by the BBC and released on video under the name Raising Hell.[87]

Blaze Bayley era, The X Factor and Virtual XI (1994–1999)
Main articles: The X Factor (album) and Virtual XI

In 1994, the band listened to hundreds of tapes sent in by vocalists before convincing Blaze Bayley, formerly of the band Wolfsbane who had supported Iron Maiden in 1990, to audition for them.[88] Bayley had a different vocal style from his predecessor, which ultimately received a mixed reception among fans.[89]

After a two year hiatus (as well as a three year hiatus from studio releases – a record for the band at the time) Iron Maiden returned in 1995. Releasing The X Factor, the band had their lowest chart position since 1981 for an album in the UK (debuting at No. 8),[90] although it would go on to win Album of the Year awards in France and Germany.[91] The record included the 11-minute epic “Sign of the Cross”, the band’s longest song since “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, as well as the singles, “Man on the Edge“, based on the film Falling Down,[92]and “Lord of the Flies“, based on the novel of the same name.[93] The release is notable for its “dark” tone, inspired by Steve Harris’ divorce.[91] The band toured for the rest of 1995 and 1996, playing for the first time in Israel and South Africa,[94] before stopping to releaseBest of the Beast. The band’s first compilation, it included a new single, “Virus“, whose lyrics attack the critics who had recently written off the band.[95]

Iron Maiden returned to the studio to record Virtual XI, released in 1998. The album’s chart scores were the band’s lowest to date,[96] including the UK where it peaked at No. 16[97] failing to score one million worldwide sales for the first time in Iron Maiden’s history.[98] At the same time, Steve Harris assisted in remastering the band’s entire discography, up to and including Live at Donington(which was given a mainstream release for the first time).

Return of Dickinson and Smith, Brave New World (1999–2002)

Adrian Smith re-joined Iron Maiden in 1999, resulting in a three guitar line-up.

A band meeting was held in January 1999, in which Bayley was asked to leave Iron Maiden[99] due to issues with his voice during the Virtual XI World Tour,[100] although Janick Gers has since stated that this was partly the band’s fault for forcing him to perform songs which were beyond his natural register.[101] At that point, Rod Smallwood had been trying to convince Steve Harris to consider inviting Bruce Dickinson back into the band.[102] Although Harris admits that he “wasn’t really into it” at first, he then thought, “‘Well, if the change happens, who should we get?’ The thing is, we know Bruce and we know what he’s capable of, and you think, ‘Well, better the devil you know.’ I mean, we got on well professionally for, like, eleven years, and so… after I thought about it, I didn’t really have a problem with it.”[102]

The band entered into talks with Dickinson, who agreed to rejoin during a meeting in Brighton,[103] along with guitarist Adrian Smith, who was telephoned a few hours later.[104] With Gers, Smith’s replacement, remaining, Iron Maiden now had a three-guitar line-up and embarked on a hugely successful reunion tour.[105] Dubbed The Ed Hunter Tour, it tied in with the band’s newly released greatest hits collection, Ed Hunter, which also contained a computer game of the same name starring the band’s mascot.

One of Dickinson’s primary concerns on rejoining the group “was whether we would in fact be making a real state-of-the-art record and not just a comeback album,”[102] which eventually took the form of 2000’s Brave New World.[106] Having disliked the results from Harris’ personal studio, Barnyard Studios located on his property in Essex,[107] which had been used for the last four Iron Maiden studio albums, the band recorded the new release at Guillaume Tell Studios, Paris in November 1999 with producer Kevin Shirley.[106] Thematic influences continued with “The Wicker Man” – based on the 1973 British cult film of the same name – and “Brave New World” – title taken from the Aldous Huxley novel of the same name.[108] The album furthered the more progressive and melodic sound present in some earlier recordings, with elaborate song structures and keyboard orchestration.[108]

The world tour that followed consisted of well over 100 dates and culminated on 19 January 2001 in a show at the Rock in Rio festival in Brazil, where Iron Maiden played to an audience of around 250,000.[109][110][111][112] While the performance was being produced for a CD and DVD release in March 2002, under the name Rock in Rio,[113] the band took a year out from touring, during which they played three consecutive shows at Brixton Academy in aid of former drummer Clive Burr, who had recently announced that he had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.[114]

Dance of Death and A Matter of Life and Death (2003–2007)

Following their Give Me Ed… ‘Til I’m Dead Tour in the summer of 2003, Iron Maiden released Dance of Death, their thirteenth studio album, which was met by worldwide critical and commercial success.[115] Produced by Kevin Shirley, now the band’s regular producer, many critics also felt that this release matched up to their earlier efforts, such as KillersPiece of Mind and The Number of the Beast.[116] As usual, historical and literary references were present, with “Montségur” in particular being about the Cathar stronghold conquered in 1244,[117] and “Paschendale” relating tothe significant battle which took place during The First World War.[118]

The following tour was another landmark for the band, as they played to over 750,000 fans during 50 dates over a period of 4 months in 2003–04, including sold out shows in South America, Europe, North America and Japan. Their performance at Westfalenhalle in Dortmund, Germany, as part of the supporting tour, was recorded and released in August 2005 as a live album and DVD, entitled Death on the Road.[119]

In 2005, the band announced the Eddie Rips Up the World Tour which, tying in with their 2004 DVD entitled The Early Days, only featured material from their first four albums.[120] As part of this celebration of their earlier years, “The Number of the Beast” single was re-released[121] and went straight to No. 3 in the UK Chart.[122] The tour included many headlining stadium and festival dates, including a performance at Ullevi Stadium in Sweden to an audience of almost 60,000.[123] This concert was also broadcast live on satellite television all over Europe to approximately 60 million viewers.[124] The band completed this tour by headlining the Reading and Leeds weekend festivals on the 26–28 August,[125] two shows to an estimated combined audience of 130,000 people, and in Ireland on 31 August to almost 40,000 people at RDS Stadium.[126] For the second time, the band played a charity show for former drummer Clive Burr’s MS Trust Fund charity, this time taking place at the Hammersmith Apollo.[127]

Vocalist Bruce Dickinson during A Matter of Life and Death World Tour. Throughout the tour’s first leg, the band played the A Matter of Life and Death album in its entirety.

At the end of 2005, Iron Maiden began work on A Matter of Life and Death, their fourteenth studio effort, released in autumn 2006. While not a concept album,[128] war and religion are recurring themes in the lyrics, as well as in the cover artwork. The release was a critical and commercial success, earning the band their first top ten in the Billboard 200[129] and receiving the Album Of The Year award at the 2006 Classic Rock Roll of Honour Awards.[130] A supporting tour followed, during which they played the album in its entirety; response to this was mixed.[131][132]

Iron Maiden recorded a live session at Abbey Road Studios for Live from Abbey Road in December 2006. Their performance was screened in an episode alongside sessions with Natasha Bedingfield and Gipsy Kings in March 2007 on Channel 4 (UK) and June 2007 on the Sundance Channel(USA).[133][134]

In November 2006, Iron Maiden and manager Rod Smallwood announced that they were to end their 27 year relationship with Sanctuary Music and were to start a new company named Phantom Music Management. No other significant changes were made.[135]

The second part of the “A Matter of Life and Death” tour, which took place in 2007, was dubbed “A Matter of the Beast” to celebrate the 25th anniversary of The Number of the Beast album, and included appearances at several major festivals worldwide.[136] The tour opened in the Middle East with the band’s first performance in Dubai at the Dubai Desert Rock Festival,[137] after which they played to over 30,000 people at the Bangalore PalaceGrounds,[138] marking the first concert by any major heavy metal band in the Indian sub-continent.[137] The band went on to play a string of European dates, including an appearance at Download Festival, their fourth headline performance at Donington Park.[139] The show attracted the largest audience in Download’s history, with an estimated attendance of approximately 80,000 people,[140] in spite of higher ticket and camping prices. On 24 June they ended the tour with a performance at London’s Brixton Academy in aid of The Clive Burr MS Trust fund.[141]

Somewhere Back in Time World Tour and Flight 666 (2007–2009)

Iron Maiden performing in Toronto during the Somewhere Back in Time World Tour 2008. The stage set largely emulated that of the World Slavery Tour 1984-85.[142]

On 5 September 2007, the band announced their Somewhere Back in Time World Tour, which tied in with the DVD release of their Live After Deathalbum.[142] The setlist for the tour consisted of successes from the 1980s, with a specific emphasis on the Powerslave era for set design.[142] The first part of the tour, commencing in Mumbai, India on 1 February 2008, consisted of 24 concerts in 21 cities, travelling nearly 50,000 miles in the band’s own chartered aeroplane,[143] named “Ed Force One”.[144] They played their first ever concerts in Costa Rica and Colombia and their first shows in Australia and Puerto Rico since 1992.

The tour led to the release of a new compilation album, entitled Somewhere Back in Time, which included a selection of tracks from their 1980 eponymous debut to 1988’s Seventh Son of a Seventh Son, as well as several live versions from Live After Death.[145]

The Somewhere Back in Time World Tour continued with two further legs in the U.S. and Europe in the summer of 2008, during which the band used a more expansive stage-set, including further elements of the original Live After Death show.[146] With the sole UK concert taking place at Twickenham Stadium, this would be the first time the band would headline a stadium in their own country.[147] The three 2008 legs of the tour were remarkably successful; it was the second highest grossing tour of the year for a British artist.[148]

The last part of the tour took place in February and March 2009, with the band, once again, using “Ed Force One”.[149] The final leg included the band’s first ever appearances in Peru and Ecuador, as well as their return to Venezuela and New Zealand after 17 years.[150] The band also played another show in India (their third in the country within a span of 2 years) at the Rock In India festival to a crowd of 20,000. At their concert in São Paulo on 15 March, Dickinson announced on stage that it was the largest non-festival show of their career, with an overall attendance of 63,000 people.[151] The final leg ended in Florida on 2 April after which the band took a break. Overall, the tour reportedly had an attendance of over two million people worldwide over both years.[152]

At the 2009 BRIT Awards, Iron Maiden won the award for best British live act.[153] Voted for by the public, the band reportedly won by a landslide.[154]

On 20 January 2009, the band announced that they were to release a full-length documentary film in select cinemas on 21 April 2009. Entitled Iron Maiden: Flight 666, it was filmed during the first part of the Somewhere Back In Time World Tour between February and March 2008.[155] Flight 666 is co-produced by Banger Productions and was released by Universal Music Group in the U.S. and EMI Records in the rest of the world.[155] The film went on to have a Blu-ray, DVD and CD release in May and June,[152] topping the music DVD charts in 22 countries.[156]

The Final Frontier and Maiden England World Tour (2010–present)

Following announcements that the band had begun composition of new material and booked studio time in early 2010 with Kevin Shirley producing,[157] The Final Frontier was announced on 4 March.[158] The album, the band’s fifteenth, was released on 16 August,[159] garnering critical acclaim and the band’s greatest commercial success in their history, reaching No. 1 in twenty-eight countries worldwide.[2] Although Steve Harris had been quoted in the past as claiming that the band would only produce fifteen studio releases,[160] band members have since confirmed that there will be at least one further record.[161][162]

The album’s supporting tour would see the band play 98 shows across the globe to an estimated audience of over 2 million,[163] including their first visits to Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea[2]and Transylvania,[164] before concluding in London on 6 August 2011.[165] As the tour’s 2010 leg preceded The Final Frontier’s release, the band made “El Dorado” available as a free download on 8 June,[159] which would go on to win the award for Best Metal Performance at the 53rd Grammy Awards on 13 February 2011.[166] It is the band’s first win following two previous Grammy nominations (“Fear of the Dark” in 1994 and “The Wicker Man” in 2001).[167]

On 15 March, a new compilation to accompany 2009’s Somewhere Back in Time was announced. Entitled From Fear to Eternity, the original release date was set at 23 May but was later pushed back to 6 June.[168] The double disc set covers the period 1990–2010 (the band’s most recent eight studio albums),[168] and, as on Somewhere Back in Time, live versions with Bruce Dickinsonwere included in place of original recordings which featured other vocalists, in this case Blaze Bayley.

In a press release regarding From Fear to Eternity, band manager Rod Smallwood revealed that Iron Maiden will release a new concert video to DVD in 2011, filmed in Santiago, Chile and Buenos Aires, Argentina during The Final Frontier World Tour.[169] On 17 January 2012, the band announced that the new release, entitled En Vivo!, based on footage from the Chile concert, will be made available worldwide on CD, LP, DVD and Blu-ray on 26 March, except the United States and Canada (where it was released on 27 March).[170] In addition to the concert footage, the video release includes an 88-minute tour documentary, entitled Behind The Beast, containing interviews with the band and their crew.[171]

On 15 February 2012, the band announced the Maiden England World Tour 2012-13, which is based around the video of the same name.[172] The tour commenced in North America in the summer of 2012 and will be followed by further dates in 2013, including the band’s record-breaking fifth headline performance at Donington Park[173] and their first show at the newly built national stadium in Stockholm.[174] In August 2012, Steve Harris confirmed that the Maiden England video will be re-released in 2013.

Band members

Current members
Former Members
  • Paul Day – lead vocals (1975–1976)
  • Ron “Rebel” Matthews – drums (1975–1977)
  • Terry Rance – guitars (1975–1976)
  • Dave Sullivan – guitars (1975–1976)
  • Dennis Wilcock – lead vocals (1976–1978)
  • Bob Sawyer – guitars (1977)
  • Terry Wapram – guitars (1977–1978)
  • Tony Moore – keyboards (1977)
  • Thunderstick – drums, percussion (1977)
  • Doug Sampson – drums, percussion (1977–1979)
  • Paul Di’Anno – lead vocals (1978–1981)
  • Paul Cairns – guitars (1979)
  • Paul Todd – guitars (1979)
  • Tony Parsons – guitars (1979)
  • Dennis Stratton – guitars, backing vocals (1979–1980)
  • Clive Burr – drums, percussion (1979–1982)
  • Blaze Bayley – lead vocals (1994–1999)
Live Members
  • Michael Kenney – keyboards, synthesiser (1988–present)

Discography

• 1980 – Iron Maiden
• 1981 – Killers
• 1982 – The Number of the Beast
• 1983 – Piece of Mind
• 1984 – Powerslave
• 1986 – Somewhere in Time
• 1988 – Seventh Son of a Seventh Son
• 1990 – No Prayer for the Dying
• 1992 – Fear of the Dark
• 1995 – The X Factor
• 1998 – Virtual XI
• 2000 – Brave New World
• 2003 – Dance of Death
• 2006 – A Matter of Life and Death
• 2010 – The Final Frontier

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